Understanding the Causes of UTIs in Women: Common Risk Factors and Prevention Tips

Dr. Phil Mitchell
Medically reviewed by Dr. Phil Mitchell

What causes a UTI in a woman?

UTIs, or Urinary Tract Infections, are a common and often painful condition that affect women more frequently than men. The most common cause of UTIs in women is bacteria from the bowel entering the urethra and infecting the urinary tract. Here are some common risk factors for UTIs in women:

  1. Female anatomy: Women have a shorter urethra than men, which makes it easier for bacteria to enter the bladder and cause an infection.
  2. Sexual activity: Sexual activity can increase the risk of UTIs, as bacteria can be pushed into the urethra during intercourse.
  3. Hormonal changes: Hormonal changes during pregnancy or menopause can increase the risk of UTIs.
  4. Use of certain products: Using spermicidal products, diaphragms, or certain types of birth control can increase the risk of UTIs.
  5. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as diabetes or kidney stones can increase the risk of UTIs.