Summertime is here. And with it comes an increase in injuries. As the warm weather inspires us to go outside and move about, medical clinics begin to see more and more strains and sprains. Whether running, cycling, playing summer sports, or simply taking care of the garden, summertime offers us a wealth of ways to injure ourselves by moving our bodies in ways we may not typically do during colder months.
The problem is so acute that many emergency departments refer to summer as “trauma season” because of the uptick in traumatic injuries. According to AirMethods, the number of traumatic injuries to children can double during summer months, while adult trauma injuries rise by about 25-30 percent. And a good number of those are sprains and strains.
A sprain is any injury to the ligament connecting two or more bones to a joint. While ankle sprains are most common, sprains in other joints such as knees, elbows, shoulders, and are also frequent.
There are three levels of severity for sprains:
- A first degree (or mild) sprain occurs when the ligament has been stretched, but has not actually torn. This can also be used to describe minor tears affecting less than a third of the fibres in the ligament.
- A second degree (or moderate) sprain means a portion of the ligament (generally at least a third of the fibres) has torn. It’s sometimes referred to as a partial rupture or partial tear. At this level the joint is still relatively stable.
- A third degree (or severe) sprain happens when the ligament has ruptured completely. A complete rupture can cause complete instability of the joint.
For mild injuries, often rest and time are all that is needed, though icing the joint could also be helpful in reducing swelling. If the injury is particularly painful, or you’re unsure of the extent of the damage, it’s best to seek medical help. Severe sprains are best treated by a healthcare professional, and in some extreme cases may require surgical correction.
How to Tell if a Sprain Warrants Medical Attention
There are several symptoms to watch for in order to detect a particularly bad sprain. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following:
- Severe bruising or pain
- The joint appears to be out of shape rather than just swollen
- Loss of circulation beyond the injury
- Joint cannot bear weight
- Symptoms and swelling do not improve after a few days
Additionally, if you suspect a bone may be fractured or broken or you’re concerned about the severity of the swelling or pain, it’s often best to seek medical help to rule out further trauma.
Get Medical Care Delivered to Your Home
If you suspect a sprain needs medical intervention, the last thing you may want to do is drive to a local clinic when it can be painful to leave your bed or couch. You could call an ambulance, but the cost of an ER visit can be higher than many people want to pay. Better yet, stay where you are and request a team of medical professionals to come to you.
DispatchHealth’s ER trained medical teams can evaluate your injury and provide expert medical advice to help you recover and heal quickly and completely. Additionally, they can help treat your sprain with splints, ace wraps, air casts, ice packs, knee immobilizers and they’ll help you arrange for x-rays or further testing if needed.
So the next time you’re injured during trauma season, or any other time of the year, skip the ER. Get your medical care delivered at a place that’s most convenient for you, and get on the road to recovery faster and with less expense.